PUBLIC GOVERNANCE QUALITY AND INCOME TAX NON-COMPLIANCE AMONG SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN YEMEN
AbstractThe problem of tax non-compliance is broadly recognized as a serious phenomenon in many countries, especially in the Middle East countries in general and Yemen in particular. However, there is a lack of studies that provide causal explanations of this issue in these countries. Previous studies indicate a number of factors that could possibly influence tax compliance behaviour. In this regard, this study was undertaken primarily to examine the relationship between taxpayers’ perception among SMEs in Yemen about the quality of public governance and their non-complianct behaviour in order to have better understanding of non-compliant behaviour. For the purpose of data collection, a questionnaire was designed and utilized in this study. The analysis reveals that public governance quality is perceived as low in Yemen. A simple regression analysis found that public governance quality has a significant negative influence on tax non-compliant behaviour. Consequently, this study recommends the Yemeni government improves the level of the quality of public governance in order to enhance the level of tax compliance among Yemeni taxpayers.
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