SOCIAL CAPITAL AND INNOVATION CAPITAL: ACCOUNTABILITY TOWARDS SMALL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES’ (SMEs) SUSTAINABLE PERFORMANCE

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Amrizah Kamaluddin Hazirah Akmal Hasan Roshayani Arshad Siti Akmar Abu Samah

Abstract

SMEs have the potential role to substantially contribute to the current and future economy. In today’s complex business environment, SMEs arefacing various challenges in surviving and sustaining their operations. The sudden economic changes and globalization have seen many smallenterprises failed in managing their business. In this innovation capital and social capital are two main intangible resources in the organization,which are vital for sustainable performance in any organization. Hence, in discharging their accountability towards the relevant stakeholders,SMEs should deploy their intangible resources. In this regard, the main aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between innovationcapital and social capital with SMEs performance. Data were captured via questionnaires, which were distributed to eighty SMEs companiesin four states in Malaysia. The results of the study provide evidence that innovation capital and social capital influence the performanceof SMEs. In addition, all the dimensions under innovation capital and social capital which are innovation capabilities, innovation culture,structural and relational are significantly positive related with SMEs performance. This reflects that intangible resources in SMEs beingcapability, culture in working environment, social interaction within organization, network, and the strength of ties among the employeeare crucial to influence the efficiency of SMEs organization. Thus, the results of this study offer guidelines and evidences for SMEs in managing their intangible resources in order to be competitive and sustainable in business.
Keywords: Innovation capital, social capital, SMEs, SMEs performance, sustainable performance

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How to Cite
KAMALUDDIN, Amrizah et al. SOCIAL CAPITAL AND INNOVATION CAPITAL: ACCOUNTABILITY TOWARDS SMALL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES’ (SMEs) SUSTAINABLE PERFORMANCE. Management & Accounting Review (MAR), [S.l.], v. 15, n. 1, p. 197-223, june 2016. ISSN 2550-1895. Available at: <http://arionline.uitm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/MAR/article/view/569>. Date accessed: 16 jan. 2018.
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